Which muscle groups do I train on cardio equipment?
|Exercise bike||Elliptical||Rowing machine||Treadmill|
On an exercise bike, you use your leg muscles and then mainly your thigh muscles. This is where you get the most power from. You also train your calves by putting pressure on the pedals. To keep your upper body balanced, you use your hip muscles and also very lightly use your lower abdominal muscles. An exercise bike is often used for recovery training after injuries.
On an elliptical, you mainly use your legs. This can be done in 2 ways: forwards or backwards. Both options train your thigh muscles. When you pedal backwards, you train your glutes in addition to your leg muscles. You also train your abs with the movement you make on the elliptical. You also train your shoulder and arm muscles on an elliptical. You use force by moving the handles up and down.
The treadmill is suitable for multiple types of training. You can run on it, but walking on a slope is also possible on a treadmill. When you land on your feet, you tighten your calf muscles, thigh muscles, and glutes. While walking, you also use your back muscles and your abs to stabilize your body.
With a rowing machine, you train many muscles at the same time. You train your leg muscles, glutes, and hip muscles by pushing off. You then use your back, shoulder, and arm muscles to tighten the handles and strap. To maintain your balance, you also use your abs while rowing.