Advice on lenses
An all-round lens is a lens with a variable focal length, which allows you to zoom with it. This way, you use all-round lenses for both portrait and landscape photography. All-round lenses are often compact and light, so you can easily take them with you.
A wide-angle lens is perfect for capturing large objects such as buildings or landscapes. Because of the wide viewing angle, a lot fits into the picture. A wide viewing angle means a small focal length. The smaller the focal length, the wider the viewing angle. A wide-angle lens can distort your image.
With a macro lens, you can photograph small objects or bring other objects into focus. For this, you use a lens with a small focal length, and you need to be close to your subject. The magnification factor indicates how large an object is pictured. Most macro lenses have a magnification factor of 1:1.
You use telephoto lenses to be able to photograph objects that are far away. A telephoto lens has a large focal length and can therefore zoom in a great distance. You use a telephoto lens to, for example, photograph sports or animals in nature. A telephoto lens can be large and heavy. In that case, use a tripod for stable photos.
With a fisheye lens, you create distorted, spherical photos. You may know these images from parties or video clips from artists in the 2000s. With a fisheye lens, you can experiment with your photos and make slightly different images than usual. Fisheye lenses have a very short focal length and a very wide viewing angle.
Various types of photography
You can capture some types of pictures with different lenses. This depends on the focal length of the lens. For example, a focal length of 50mm is suitable for portrait photography, but you can also take portrait photos with a wide-angle lens of 35mm. A variable focal length makes your lens versatile.